Rachel E Aiello, PhD

Medical Instructor, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences; Psychologist, Duke Center for Autism and Brain Development

Dr. Rachel Aiello is a licensed psychologist and clinician-researcher who has extensively provided comprehensive diagnostic evaluations, evidence-based behavioral interventions, and caregiver training for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and their families. Dr. Aiello has also conducted professional development trainings and consultation to educators and related staff on ASD and other neurodevelopmental disabilities at both the national and international levels.

Dr. Aiello completed her doctorate in school psychology at the University of Kentucky and pre-doctoral internship focused on intellectual and developmental disabilities with the Child Development Center at Nationwide Children’s Hospital. Her post-doctoral fellowship was with the Treatment and Research Institute for Autism Spectrum Disorders (TRIAD) at Vanderbilt University where she focused her efforts on early detection of ASD in infants and toddlers. Before joining the faculty at Duke University, she was a Clinical Assistant Professor within the School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She served as the Associate Director of the UNC TEACCH Autism Program - Charlotte Center. Dr. Aiello was directly involved with clinical, consultation, and training activities focused on individuals with ASD across the lifespan. She is a TEACCH Certified Advanced Consultant.

Dr. Aiello’s involvement in research includes understanding how evidence-based assessment practices can best be provided in community-based settings. Her research is focused on ASD assessment and phenotype. She is involved in the Duke Autism Center of Excellence research program focused on early detection and treatment of children with ASD and ADHD.

Representative Publications:

Mruzek, D., McAleavey, S., Loring, W., Butter, E., Smith, T., McDonnell, E., Aiello, R. E.,…Zanibbi, K. (2017). A pilot investigation of an iOS-based app for toilet training children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism, 1-12. doi: 10.1177/1362361317741741

Aiello, R.E., Ruble, L.A., & Esler, A. (2017). National study of school psychologists’ use of evidence-based

assessment in autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 33, 67-88. doi: 10.1080/15377903.2016.1236307

Levato, L., Aponte, C., Mruzek, D., Aiello, R.E., Travis, R.,…Smith, T. (2016). Use of urine alarms in toilet training children with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 53, 232-241. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2016.02.007

Weitlauf, A., McPheeters, M., Peters, B., Sathe, N., Travis, R., Aiello, R.E….Warren, Z. (2014). Comparative effectiveness review of therapies for children with autism spectrum disorder: Behavioral interventions update. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Comparative Effectiveness Review, 137. PMID: 25210724